Green peas are some of the meal ingredients people have today. Aside from being the round seeds or the seed-pod of the fruit Pisum sativum, green peas also refer to the edible seeds from the Fabacee family, such as the cowpea, pigeon pea, and some Lathyrus species. The following are its health benefits.
Green peas are rich in vitamins and minerals. According to Nutrition and You, green peas contain vitamins A, B, C, E, and K. Vitamin A is great for vision and the integrity of the skin and the mucus membranes. On the other hand, vitamin B promotes nervous health, which covers learning, thinking, memory, and sensation. Then, vitamin C boosts the body’s resistance against infection and illness. It also promotes the function of the substance collagen, which acts as cement to bind loosely connected tissues and cells. Vitamin E also promotes skin health and along with vitamins A and C, vitamin E also acts as an antioxidant; it helps the body get rid of unwanted and toxic substances, such as free radicals, which increase the risk of cancer development. Meanwhile, vitamin K promotes wound healing through blood clotting.
Green peas also contain minerals like calcium, copper, iron, magnesium, manganese, selenium, zinc, sodium, and potassium. Calcium strengthens the bones and teeth while iron boosts the oxygenation of cells and tissues. Copper and manganese work hand in hand to promote cellular metabolism and maintain healthy growth and development of tissues and cells. Selenium prevents cellular damage thru releasing antioxidant enzymes while zinc promotes wound healing and digestive health. Sodium and potassium regulate fluid balance in the body and the latter also promotes cardiovascular health by relaxing the muscles of the blood vessels, preventing high blood pressure.
Green Peas and Diabetes
Green peas helps prevent and manage diabetes, a condition marked by a prolonged increase in the blood sugar levels. According to World’s Healthiest Foods, green peas contain substantial amounts of fiber and protein, which control the speed of digestion. This covers the breakdown of starch into sugar, as well as the flow of carbohydrates in the digestive tract. To add, researchers have found that green peas also help reduce a person’s fasting blood sugar and fasting insulin levels and these mechanisms are boosted by high-fiber diet consumption.
Green Peas as Anti-Aging
Green peas also help delay the signs and symptoms of aging. According to Real Food For Life, green peas have potent anti-inflammatory properties, which are associated with conditions like aging, cancer, and heart disease. As per the publication, the peas have the anti-inflammatory phytonutrients pisumsaponins I and II and pisomosides A and B, along with the omega-3 variant alpha-linolenic acid. Along with vitamins A, C, E, and zinc, these substances help the body clean its system.
Green peas can be added to various meal recipes like Indian Peas and Cauliflower. According to All Recipes, the ingredients include two cups of green peas, two cups of cauliflower florets, three tablespoons of vegetable oil, four teaspoons of cumin seed, a teaspoon of mustard seed, and one teaspoon of salt.
To prepare, as per the publication, oil is heated in a skillet over medium heat. Next, the cumin seeds and mustard seeds are placed in the hot oil. Next, they are cooked and stirred until the seeds begin to pop. Then, the peas and cauliflower are mixed in, before they are seasoned with salt. Once done, heat is reduced to low and the dish is allowed to cook for 15 minutes, until the vegetables become tender.
Above all, green peas are beneficial to health due to its nutritional contents. Thus, including it to different meals per week will improve a person’s health and well-being.